Connect with us

Essential Albums

Patato & Totico: A Seminal Recording

Published

on

Patato y Totico by Martin Cohen

1968 saw the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy; black athletes staged a silent demonstration at the Summer Olympics and the popular Sci-Fi series, Star Trek aired America’s first interracial kiss. Also, it was the year the Cuban percussionists, Carlos “Patato” Valdés and Eugenio “Totico” Arango captured the spirit of New York’s emerging rumba scene.

“We wanted to capture the essence of the streets with something new,” said Patato in a 2007 interview with Latin Beat magazine, “so we added the tres and the bass, an idea that would be picked up later by Los Papines. We wanted it to be danceable and with musical variation, and believe it or not, now after close to thirty years it’s still selling.”

Patato & Totico - Verve Records
Patato & Totico – Verve Records

The “variation” was the inclusion of the bassist, Israel “Cachao” López, a founding father of the mambo, and the tresero Arsenio Rodríguez, the granddaddy of Afro-Cuban music.

The result was a groundbreaking mixture of street songs, Lucumí music and Abakuá chants that became a “national hymn” for emerging Nuyorican rumberos who had limited access to traditional rumba, and learned mainly by studying popular records such as Alberto Zaya’s Afro-Cubano (1955-1956); Tambores y Cantos (1955); Yambú: Mongo Santamaría y Sus Ritmos Afro Cubanos (1958) and Mongo Santamaria’s Afro Roots (1958). The recordings allowed them to improve their rumba skills in their homes, in public parks, beaches, and neighborhood street corners.

Singer, composer, percussionist, bandleader Henry Fiol recalls: “When I was learning to play conga in the late ‘60s, participating in the rumbas which were common then, in the neighborhood, in the park, or at the beach … this was the record. All the rumberos knew it, and I had most of it memorized and under the cap as well – especially Totico’s vocals. It’s not pure rumba because it beefed up with Arsenio Rodriguez’s tres and Cachao’s bass, but it can be considered one of the best recordings of the genre.”

In the book, Voice of the Leopard – African Secret Societies and Cuba (University Press, 2008) author Ivor Miller reveals the story behind the tune, Nuestro Barrio (Our Barrio).

“In the 1960s in New York City, Cuban musicians ‘Patato’ and ‘Totico’ recorded a rumba that illustrates the ties between the comparsa and Havana barrios. The lyrics of Nuestro Barrio begin with …”

Jesús María, Belén, Los Sitios Asere
son tres corazones en uno
que unidos están para siempre
que nos une con sinceridad
oye, tiene mi barrio Los Sitios caramba
un ambiente colectivo

Jesús María, Belén, Los Sitios Asere
Are three hearts in one
That will always be united
In the bonds of friendship
That unites us with sincerity
Listen, my barrio Los Sitios
has a hell of a collective feeling

“As the story goes, in the early twentieth century three comparsa troupes – The Dandys of Belén, The Gardeners of Jesús María, and Las Bolleras of Los Sitios – spontaneously encountered one another at an intersection in Los Sitios. While the lyrics speak of unity, the context was one of great tension, because of the comparsas, representing their barrio territories and Abakuá lodges, was in the heat of competitive performance. An inspired poet resolved the situation by improvising the lyrics of the song and calming the situation. Following protocols of respect in all African-derived systems, the eldest comparsa left first, then the next in age, and finally The Gardeners.”

Also, Patato y Totico reinvent Jorge Ben’s Mas Que Nada; lament love lost (Ingrato Corazón); revel in love at first sight (Que Linda Va); sing their praises to the rumbera, Caridad Malda and warn of impending doom (Agua Que Va Caer). The ritual songs, Ya Yo E and Rezo Abacuá conjure up images of rum, Cuban cigars, and dancers, dripping wet.

Patato & Totico is a seminal recording; a classic and a sought-after collector’s item. Though “purists” question its deviation from the traditional rumba format, many argue it is the best rumba record ever made! Without question, it captures the sights and sounds of a bygone era. Also, it’s required listening for anyone who is interested in the development of Cuban music in the United States.

The Players

Carlos “Patato” Valdés: conga, percusion; Eugenio “Totico” Arango: quinto, vocal; Arsenio Rodríguez: tres; Israel “Cachao” López: bass; Papaíto, Francisco “Panchín” Valdéz: claves; Héctor Cadavieco, Mario Cadavieco, Juan “Curba” Dreke, Tony Mayarí, Virgilio Martí: vocal.

Song Titles

Mas que nada; Ya yo e; Ingrato corazón ; Que linda va; Nuestro barrio; Agua que va caer; En el callejón ; Caridad Malda; Rezo Abacuá; Dilo como yo.

Versions

According to the research, four versions of Patato & Totico exist: Verve Records (Vinyl, 1968), Mediterráneo (CD Format, 1992), Verve Reissue (CD format, 2004), and Patato & Totico, Que Linda Va (Caribe Sound Digital Re-Master, 2017, available on iTunes). Also, selections from Patato & Totico appear on various Verve compilations and remixes.

Suggested Listening

Another seminal album, Totico y sus Rumberos (1982) extends the model of Patato & Totico, with the Cuban percussionist Orlando (Puntilla) Ríos and a younger generation of rumberos.

Another classic recording is Max Roach’s Percussion Bittersweet, where the music works within the jazz idiom and combines modern jazz improvisation with African rhythmic elements. Patato and Totico appear on the compositions: Garvey’s Ghost, Tender Warriors, and Man from South Africa.

Sources

  • Contreras, Felix (NPR, March 6, 2008) – A Cuban Conga Master’s Definitive Rumba
  • Descarga.com (November 20, 2007) – Editor’s Pick
  • Fiol, Henry (Descarga.com, 2007)
  • Jottar, Berta – Centro Journal (Spring, 2011), Central Park Rumba: Nuyorican Identity and the Return to African Roots
  • Miller, L. Ivor – Voice of the Leopard – African Secret Societies and Cuba (University Press, 2008)
  • Patato & Totico (Verve Reissue, 2004) – Liner Notes
  • Ratliff, Ben (NY Times, February 1, 2011) – Eugenio Arango, Cuban-Born Musician Known as Totico, Dies at 76
  • Sisario, Ben (NY Times, 2007) Carlos Valdés, a Conga King of Jazz, Dies at 81
  • Featured Photo by Martin Cohen

A graduate of Empire State College with a dual major in journalism and Latin American studies, Tomas Peña has spent years applying his knowledge and writing skills to the promotion of great musicians. A specialist in the crossroads between jazz and Latin music, Peña has written extensively on the subject.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Essential Albums

Azymuth: Telecommunications

Published

on

This album, Telecommunications, is one of the most iconic recordings by Azymuth, the ineffably funky Brasilian trio. When it was released – on the Milestone label in 1982 – it became a monumental hit, propelling the group, it went Gold and exploded into the Top 10 in the British Charts, soaring heavenward in popularity all over Europe too.

It’s not hard to understand the extraordinary popularity of Azymuth. First and foremost has to be the unmatched funkiness of all the musicians who made up the original trio: keyboards superstar, vocalist and percussionist José Roberto Bertrami, who sadly passed away on July 8th 1012, Ivan Mamão Conti, who just has to be considered one of the most funky drummers since Zigaboo Modeliste, [who practically invented funk drumming as one of the illustrious members of the iconic New Orleans group The Meters], and bassist Alex Malherios whose rumble and roar made for the glue [together with Mamão] that solidified the rhythmic edifice of the trio, while the soloist [particularly, Bertrami] launched himself on his mighty solo flights.

Azymuth: Telecommunications
Azymuth: Telecommunications

It may have been the syncopation of choro that carried over into Brasili’s most iconic urban music and dance forms – samba, a versatile rhythm that can assume many forms. Heated up, with a shouted call-and-response verse backed by literally thousands of samba-school drums on parade, it becomes samba de enredo [the mass Carnival music that is famous the world over]. But what happens when you take the vocals out of the musical equation, funk up the rhythm, add a rumbling electric bass guitar and jazz up the rippling Brasilian percussion?

That’s when you get the funkiest music that became the clarion call of Brasilian funk music ensembles, of which Azymuth was probably the most famous, plying its stock-in-trade at all the major jazz festivals – from the Americas to Europe – Monterey to Montreux and way beyond.  The music on this seminal album, Telecommunications is characteristic of Azymuth at its very best. The repertoire came at a time when this heavyweight trio had reached the apogee of the musical style that continues to be a niche. A style that it had carved out for itself, with an eclectic, jazzy mix of Brasilian rhythms upon which were overlaid dallying soli by Mr Bertrami and Mamão, together with the rumbling bass of Mr Malherios.

Azymuth Trio
Azymuth Trio

Telecommunications’ opener “Estreito de Taruma” features a filing solo by the great Brasilian guitarist Helio Delmirio. The warm sonority, clean technique and penchant for spare ornamentation in his playing made him a guitarist like none other to come out of the raging flood of guitarists that cascaded out of the ocean of Brasilian music. The music that Mr Delmirio sculpted, from the steel strings at his fingertips, made the musical notes fly off the paper. His lines floated askance, oblique to the not so predictable keyboard playing by Mr Bertrami.

Throughout the two sides of this vinyl –superbly remastered by George Horn, by the way– we find music that is a testament to the musicians’ [and composers’] boundless invention. This music is replete with a wide expressive range and technical challenges, not to mention the fact that once all of the musicians have had their say, a musical structure is constructed that defies logic, convention and other well-worn stylistic hooks. So monumental is the music’s cachet. Mr Bertrami’s “Last Summer in Rio” and the wistful finale – “The House I Lived In” [together with its “Prelude” – as a finale, no less] is typical of the brooding, tumbling groove that Azymuth created for itself – a sound so unique among [any] other musicians from the 1970’s onward, is yet to be imitated, copied or otherwise reproduced by Brasilian artists other than Azymuth.

YouTube Playlist

Tracks – Side A – 1: Estreito de Taruma; 2: What Price Samba [Quanta Vale um Samba]; 3: Country Road [Chão de Terra]; 4: May I Have This Dance? [Concede me Esto Dança?]. Side B – 1: Nothing Will Be As It Was [Nada Sera Como Antes]; 2: Last Summer in Rio; 3: The House I Lived In [A Casa em Que Vivi]; Prelude

Musicians – José Roberto Bertrami: organ [Side A 1, 4; Side B 1-3], keyboards [Side A 2, 4; Side B 1, 2], vocoder [Side A 3, 4], vocal [Side A 2] and percussion [Side A 1, 4; Side B 1]; Alex Malherios: electric bass [Side A 1, 4; Side B 2], fretless bass [Side A 2, 3; Side B 2]; bass guitar [Side A 4], and acoustic guitar [Side A 3]; Ivan Mamão Conti: drums [Side A 1, 2, 4; Side B 1, 2] and percussion [Side A 1, 3]; Special Guests – Helio Delmirio:  electric guitar [Aide A 1; Side B 2]; Aleuda: percussion [Side A 3, 4; Side B 1]; Dotô: repique [Side A 2]; Cidinho: percussion [Side B 2]

Released – 1982
Remastered and Released (vinyl) – 2022
Label – Milestone [1982]
Jazz Dispensary – [2022]
Runtime – Side A 19:21 Side B 21:43  

Continue Reading

Most Read in 2022